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Annotated Bibliography:
Information Technology

Costello, Jan. "Atlanta tech community looks to nonprofits." Atlanta Business Chronicle, Atlanta: October 13, 2000.
This article explains how the area of nonprofit technology helps people in situations of need. For instance, it cites a case about a young woman who needed help paying for an apartment. With the help of a nonprofit organization connected to the information highway, she waited only hours to receive information about available apartments instead of days. In Atlanta, twenty-four social service agencies are using an Intranet database to be more efficient and effective. This article talks about how more and more companies are using these technologies to their advantage. One company that was formed for this purpose was TechBridge. TechBridge's mission is "to promote the strategic use of technology for charitable purpose." TechBridge's first project will be to survey the nonprofit community to find out where the needs are and to check the technological community to see in what way that would like to participate.

McCormick, Brian. "Lending tech smarts to local non-profits." Crain's Chicago Business, October 9, 2000.
This article explains how information technology has exploded during the past two decades and has encouraged some nonprofits to create databases for their organizations. The technology has progressed so that database programs are easy to use. The staff of non-computer experts can use it with ease. Databases contain any kind of useful information an organization wants to keep track of such as donations, addresses, and expenses. Information becomes more accessible and money is saved. Organizations have databases meet their organizations needs.

Mitchell, Emily; Kanigel, Rachele; Lea, Elizabeth. "Getting Better at Doing Good." Time, February 2, 2000.
The article begins with a man's dream to bring computers and computer literacy to the slums of Brazil. As a result of this man's dream, there are now 117 computer schools throughout 13 Brazilian states. When he told his dream to his friends and family, they said he was crazy. Yet, with the help of Ashoka, which was a nonprofit international foundation that provided him with financial and professional help, he was able to fulfill his dream. After his success with this project, he wants to expand the operation with the belief that it can be adapted to other poor countries. The article goes on to talk about the way that nonprofits are run and that the drive of nonprofits may be changing due to economic, social and political pressures that are blurring the boundaries between for-profit and not-for-profit. In the U.S., the teaching of social-entrepreneurial skills is becoming more prominent and the results of this are starting to show. For example, six Stanford Graduate School of Business alumni have started a nonprofit organization called "Start Up." "Start Up" is dedicated to helping entrepreneurs in California with consulting and legal services, among other things.

Murphy, Erin. "Non-Profits and other organizations can run iMIS over the internet." PR Newswire, August 3, 2000.
CyberiMIS is a new application hosting service that gives non-profits the ability to run iMIS software over the Internet. The iMIS web allows an organization to integrate back-office systems, like customer data, purchasing transactions, and meeting records with a front-end presence. Organizations can take advantage of the iMIS while accessing the software anywhere there is an Internet connection. CyberiMIS has benefits such as the ability to speed e-commerce implementation, enhance service at off-site meetings and conferences, decrease costs and simplify budgeting for IT expenses, and improve member database coordination with affiliates.

Wagner, Mitch. "Nonprofits Face Hurdles." Internet Week Issue 732, P.79, 1p, 2c. CMP Media Inc, 09/14/98.
The Internet is an extraordinary pathway for information. Unfortunately, it is not being used enough by many nonprofits and when it is used, it is not used effectively in most cases. Even such nonprofits as the American Red Cross do not fully utilize the Internet. It is very difficult to compete with multimillion-dollar companies' web sites, most of which are updated every day. This does not have to be the case for nonprofit organizations. Most of the work for web sites can be done "at home" with easy to use software. Granted, these web sites may not match for-profit companies, but at least the organization's message can be broadcast and it may be possible to stimulate interest in helping to sustain the organization. The Safety Zone is a site that has information about domestic abuse. It is helpful for people who are not able to go to the physical site because they are not able to get out of their homes. The web site even gives information on how to delete the web site location from the memory in the computer to eliminate the danger of an abuser discovering the site has been visited. Even though the Safety Zone site is not updated everyday, it contains information that does not regularly change.

Wagner, Mitch. "Nonprofits face hurdles." Internetweek United States: September 14, 1998.
For nonprofit organizations, the lack of funding and web development skills can be detrimental to the organization's ability to maximize its effectiveness in the delivery of services. Nonprofits' voices are being drowned out by web sites with greater budgets. These organizations are facing challenges in using the Internet, one reason being that most of the people they want to reach still are not on the information superhighway. For example, Project Bread, a nonprofit dedicated to wiping out hunger in Massachusetts, has a web site that was built and is maintained by outside volunteers. Their web site is upgraded only a few times a year, however, Project Bread would like to do the upgrades themselves on a monthly basis. Another area in which the Internet fails is in the area of fund-raising. Even with these downfalls, the Internet can extend the reach of nonprofit organizations to make their efforts more effective. The Internet is an effective means of exchanging information across barriers of time and distance.

Young, Dennis. Governing, leading, and managing nonprofit organizations, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1993.
The reliance on computers has increased in the non-profit sector, no matter the size of the organization. Many small organizations use personal computers to catalogue information that otherwise would be very unorganized and time consuming. A large organization relies on technology to run their company more efficiently and in a cost effective manner. The fourth chapter of this work addresses the use of information technology in ten different nonprofit organizations. Dennis Young has found that where data are easily available to nonprofit organizations they are used effectively. Young looks at how information is created, the purpose of information and the usefulness of information.

Zerega, Blaise. "Future Tech Group Launched." InfoWorld Vol.20 Issue 22, P.19. InfoWorld Publishing Company, 06/01/98.
Future Tech Foundation is a nonprofit organization made up of all volunteer people who are information technology professionals. The group was formed to collect and express their opinion on newly developed and developing technological products. Their strategy is power in numbers. It is similar to how lobbying would work because their goal is to have their voices and opinions heard. This group believes that they can help shape the market for technology by providing their input.


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